Capital and Major Cities: (updated as on April 2017) Capital: Beijing, population 21.5 million. Major Cities: Shanghai, population 24.15 million. Shenzhen, population 12 million. Guangzhou, population 14 million. Hong Kong, population 7.2 million. Tianjin, population 15.5 million China has the largest population of any country on Earth, with more than 1.357 billion people...and counting. Needless to say, a 3 … Continue reading How BIG is China exactly!?!